The impact of guided student-generated questioning on chemistry achievement and self-efficacy of elementary preservice teachers

This study investigated the use of Guided Student-Generated Questioning (GSGQ) as a metacognitive instructional strategy to increase chemistry achievement and self-efficacy of elementary preservice teachers. The Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale (CSES), modified from the Biology Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES),was used to determine elementary preservice teachers’ self-reported confidence in understanding chemistry. Findings indicated that GSGQ was significantly related to an increase in achievement for the topics of water and solubility but not for the topics of chemical reactions or matter. In addition, the use of GSGQ was found not to be significantly related to chemistry self-efficacy.